Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya
(December 25, 1861 – November 12, 1946)
Born in an educated orthodox Hindu family at Prayag (Allahabad) in 1861, Madan Mohan Malaviya has been recognized as an outstanding and noble son of India.
His multifaceted personality made him, at the same time, a great patriot, an educationist with a vision, a social reformer, an ardent journalist, reluctant but effective lawyer, a successful parliamentarian and an outstanding statesman. Among Malaviyaji’s many achievements, the most monumental was the establishment of the Banaras Hindu University or Kashi Hindu Vishwavidyalaya. In the course of his lifetime Banaras Hindu University came to be known as a Capital of Knowledge acknowledged across India and the world.
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya created history in Indian education with this institution – the first of its kind in the country. He chose Banaras as the site, because of the centuries old tradition of learning, wisdom and spirituality inherent to the place. His vision was to blend the best of Indian education called from the ancient centres of learning – Takshashila and Nalanda and other hallowed institutions, with the best tradition of modern universities of the west.
Great minds and personalities like Annie Besant, Mahatma Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore, Shyama Charan De and many others joined hand with him in his quest for knowledge, arousing the national spirit in India and winning freedom with the power of education and righteousness.
Malaviya passed away in 1946. But his spirit still lives and there are many who bear the torch that he lit,many more stand ready to shoulder the mantle of his responsibility.